Date of publication: 2017-09-01 03:15
The Society hosts regular presentations, conducts walks and produces a quarterly journal, SPIRIT OF PROGRESS, named after the classic train which also features as our logo.
Composers such as Schoenberg , Stravinsky , and George Antheil represent Modernism in music. Artists such as Gustav Klimt , Picasso , Matisse, Mondrian , and the movements Les Fauves, Cubism and the Surrealists represent various strains of Modernism in the visual arts, while architects and designers such as Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius, and Mies van der Rohe brought modernist ideas into everyday urban life. Several figures outside of artistic Modernism were influenced by artistic ideas for example, John Maynard Keynes was friends with Woolf and other writers of the Bloomsbury group.
Depleted water-tables from unregulated pumping have caused many of the wells to dry up, and when water is present, it’s generally afloat with garbage or grown over with plant-life from lack of attention, even in currently-active temple wells.
Art Deco was influenced by a combination of sources, including the geometrics of Cubism, the movement of Futurism , as well as elements of ancient art , such as Pre-Columbian and Egyptian art. Its architecture was also inspired by the ziggurat designs of Mesopotamian art. Art Deco, like Art Nouveau, embraced all types of art, but unlike its predecessor, it was purely decorative, with no theoretical or political agenda.
Members of the Art Deco and Modernism Society of Australia (ADMSA) are drawn from diverse backgrounds and from all walks of life but all have a love of the era.
Friedrich Nietzsche championed a philosophy in which forces, specifically the 'Will to power', were more important than facts or things. Similarly, the writings of Henri Bergson championed the vital "life force" over static conceptions of reality. What united all these writers was a romantic distrust of the Victorian positivism and certainty. Instead they championed, or, in the case of Freud, attempted to explain, irrational thought processes through the lens of rationality and holism. This was connected with the century-long trend to thinking in terms of holistic ideas, which would include an increased interest in the occult, and "the vital force."
Abstract artists, taking as their examples from the Impressionists, as well as Paul Cézanne and Edvard Munch , began with the assumption that color and shape formed the essential characteristics of art, not the depiction of the natural world. Wassily Kandinsky , Piet Mondrian , and Kazimir Malevich all believed in redefining art as the arrangement of pure color. The use of photography, which had rendered much of the representational function of visual art obsolete, strongly affected this aspect of Modernism. However, these artists also believed that by rejecting the depiction of material objects they helped art move from a materialist to a spiritualist phase of development.
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Construction of stepwells involved not just the sinking of a typical deep cylinder from which water could be hauled, but the careful placement of an adjacent, stone-lined “trench” that, once a long staircase and side ledges were embedded, allowed access to the ever-fluctuating water level which flowed through an opening in the well cylinder. In dry seasons, every step – which could number over a hundred - had to be negotiated to reach the bottom story. But during rainy seasons, a parallel function kicked in and the trench transformed into a large cistern, filling to capacity and submerging the steps sometimes to the surface. This ingenious system for water preservation continued for a millennium.
Separately, in the arts and letters, two ideas originating in France would have particular impact. The first was Impressionism , a school of painting that initially focused on work done, not in studios, but outdoors (en plein air). Impressionist paintings demonstrated that human beings do not see objects, but instead see light, itself. The second school was Symbolism , marked by a belief that language is expressly symbolic in its nature, and that poetry and writing should follow connections that the sheer sound and texture of the words create.